A major section of the people in Uttarakhand are Hindus. However, the state maintains a secular ambience with significant number of people belonging to other faiths like Islam, Sikhism, Buddhism and Christianity. According to the census conducted in 2011, there were Hinduism about 82.97% of the total population of Uttarakhand, whereas people following Islam were 13.95% and those following Sikhism were 2.34%, Christianity (0.37%), Buddhism (0.15%),
Culture and people are very closely associated with each other. The term ‘culture’ refers to the complex collection of knowledge, folklore, language, rules, rituals, habits, lifestyles, attitudes, beliefs, and customs that link and give a common identity to a particular group of people at a specific point in time. All social units develop a culture. Thus it is the inhabitants of a specific region that collectively contribute to form that extraordinary cornucopia of life we call culture.In case of Uttarakhand, the Land of Gods, natural diversity and the element of the Himalaya’s unparalleled beauty and sanctity add a new dimension to the word ‘culture’. The people of the state are as diverse as the landscape. Uttarakhand is blessed with a whole multiplicity of culture greatly influenced and inspired by its geo-social factors. The ancient cultural traditions of Uttarakhand are deep rooted primarily in religion. Music, dance and arts are a manifest for the firm religious bonds of the people with the awe-inspiring Himalayas.
The lifestyle in Uttarakhand is heterogenous and one can mark the difference between the urban and rural life in the state. Since Uttarakhand comprises of both hilly and plain terrains that eventually demarcate the lifestyle in the state, and then there are areas in the hill that are remote and difficult to access, where obviously the way of life is entirely different. The urban areas like Dehradun, Nainital, Haldwani, Haridwar etc. enjoy access to most of the modern facilities.
Average literacy rate of Uttarakhand is 78.82 percent. Male literacy rate in Uttarakhand is 87.40 percent. Female literacy rate in Uttarakhand is 70.01 percent. Total literates in Uttarakhand are 6,880,953 people. Male literates in Uttarakhand are 3,863,708. Female literates in Uttarakhand are 3,017,245.
Clothing of Uttarakhand depicts the lifestyle, tradition and religion of the ethnic communities (Kumaoni and Garhwalis) of the northern state of India. Uttarakhand is bordering with the neighboring states Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. So, the people have adopted the traditional and lifestyle of these states as well. There are many Bengalis, Punjabis, Tibetan and Nepalis have settled in Uttarakhand. Garhwal hills have their own pattern of wearing costumes as per their cold climate. Wool obtained from sheep or goat for manufacturing warm clothes. There is a long skirt known as Ghagri which is worn with a choli and Orni. Both Kumaoni and Garhwali women wear this dress. The customary bridal dress of the locals is Ghaghra Lehenga and choli, and Pichora Ghaghra. Pichora or Rangwali is designed with silver and gold tatting.
Uttarakhand is largely dependent on its agriculture for the revenue. Basmati rice, wheat, soybeans, groundnuts, coarse cereals, pulses, and oil seeds are the most widely grown crops in the state. There are also fruits like apples, oranges, pears, peaches, litchis, and plums that are widely grown in the state and bring a good amount of revenue. Other key industries for the source of economy include tourism and hydropower, and recently development in IT, ITES, biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, and automobile industries can also be seen in the state.